ALU - Arithmetic and Logical Unit

ALU: Arithmetic Logical Unit
Most generic computer system is composed of a unit to do arithmeticlogical and shiftmicro-operations commonly know as ALU. Detailed discussion on computer ALU is discussed below.

ALU is designed to compute arithmetic computations on the binary numbers. The primary format in today’s ALU is two’s complement (or 2’s complement.). The other possibilities are to use one’s complement or signed-magnitude computations.

CPU Block Diagram

Computer Organization

LTE - 4G Wireless Technology

Digital fundamentals.

Interview Questions.

Fundamental mode of operation of ALU is dependent on the Control input. The Timing and Control Unit of CPU requests the Aritmetic operations to be performed on Inputs A and B.

The inputs are generally loaded from registers or memory. Similarly, results are also stored into registers or memory. The entire operation of loading the inputs, controlling the operation and storing the results are managed by the external timing and control unit.

Most common ALU operations are listed below. 
Bitwise operations: AND, OR, NOT, XOR here. 
Decimal Aritmetic operations - ADD, SUB, MUL and DIV. 
Shift Micro-operations.  The output of CPU includes Result of the digital operation, overflow indication and various flags.


Verilog Tutorial.

LTE Tutorial.

Memory Tutorial.

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